What is it?
Cracked heels are also known as heel fissures. They generally occur on the back of one or both heels. They can be very painful, and can be more dangerous for those with diabetes, poor circulation or suppressant diseases.
What can cause it?
Some causes include disruption in the barrier or protective function of the skin, leading to increased water loss from the epidermis (outer skin layer), low humidity as seen in winter, genetics, diuretic use, decreased sweat gland activity and skin changes due to aging. There are also some medical conditions which can result in heel fissures such as venous stasis dermatitis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, Down syndrome, kidney disease, malnutrition and lymphoma. The pressure that is put on your heels when walking can also cause cracks.
What can I do to treat it?
Applying a good moisturizing to feet daily is essential. At Clarke Ventresca Foot & Orthotic Centres our chiropodists will assess the underlying condition. Treat may include debridement of callous on heels and orthotics to address the pressures on the heels.